Drastic times, drastic measures …

Dear Transitioners 

We were busy last week.  Together with XR Abergavenny + three brave children (aged 13, 11 + 10) we presented on the Climate Emergency at a seminar for our County Councillors (only 12 attended, none from Monmouth) + Senior Officers (a good turnout).  There is hope for action.  Then on Friday there was the international Youth Strike + we are proud of the pupils from Monmouth Comprehensive School who organised the excellent Monmouth event.  Over 300 children marched through town, made speeches in Agincourt Square, protested at the petrol station + made a great peaceful impact.  The next Monmouth Youth Strike will be on Friday 24 May starting at 9 o’clock from St Mary’s Churchyard.  Please come + support.

As I write we are into Day 4 of the international fortnight of rebellion – thousands rebelling in London with 400 arrests to date at major gatherings on Waterloo Bridge, Oxford Circus, Marble Arch, Piccadilly Circus + Parliament Square.  But it’s all over the world.  XR Scotland has taken North Bridge in Edinburgh, Dutch rebels have occupied the International Criminal Court in The Hague.  A slew of further actions span the continents.  We must keep up the momentum.  It only takes 3.5% of us being visible + vocal to make the radical changes that we need – see https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/apr/15/rebellion-prevent-ecological-apocalypse-civil-disobedience

Yes, it’s drastic times, + drastic times need drastic measures to ensure the radical changes needed to save us from extinction.  It has started to happen with Councils throughout the world committing to decarbonisation, the financial institutions – Bank of England, Banque de France, Legal + General – issuing demands for climate change action, + the Climate Emergency making headline news (at last!).  It’s a start but we have to keep up the pressure.  Please join in – see https://xrebellion.org/ for what is happening where.  If you want to join our local affinity group at Oxford Circus contact phannay@toucansurf.com.

Another thing we can all do is help nature on its way.  A new group, Natural Climate Solutions, provides hopeful reading:-

“A recent estimate suggests that around one third of the greenhouse gas mitigation required between now and 2030 can be provided by carbon drawdown through Natural Climate Solutions. Natural Climate Solutions, roughly speaking, mean ecological restoration. Yet they have so far attracted only 2.5% of mitigation funding, and far too little political attention.

Given that they have major advantages over alternative negative emissions strategies and can also deliver wide ecological and social benefits, we call for a great increase in the attention and spending devoted to Natural Climate Solutions, as part of a massively enhanced global effort to prevent both climate breakdown and ecological collapse.”

See https://www.naturalclimate.solutions/ + https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/apr/03/let-nature-heal-climate-and-biodiversity-crises-say-campaigners + get planting (pollinator friendly of course!), stop cutting your lawns, tell us of green spaces on common land near you that we can rewild, or let us know if you would like to join in with our tree planting, wildflower meadow creation etc.

Then there’s the novel idea of using our legs to walk + cycle instead of jumping into our cars + causing further unnecessary destruction.  The Active Travel Group in Monmouth is working on making our legs more enticing than our cars by developing walking + cycling routes.  Please let us know if you would like to be involved.

One last thing:  Nature Isn’t Neat is a pollinator project that is being trialed in Monmouth.  Our role is to promote the outcomes, but there is a work plan that includes engagement with the schools + the public.  Please email vivienmitchell@yahoo.co.uk if you would like to participate.

Now for some stuff for your diaries:-

EV Open Day:  Saturday 20 April, 10 till 4 at Bridges Community Centre, Monmouth – see some of the latest electric vehicles on the market – maybe even get a free ride in one! – learn about solar, batter storage, community projects near you.  Free entry

The Big Swap:  Saturday 27 April, 10 till 12 at Rockfield Community Centre, Cornwallis Way, Monmouth NP25 5DN:  We will have our usual Swap Shop for plants + seeds, but we will also be swapping clothes, books, toys, small household items etc.  Tools for Self Reliance Cymru will also be there with their refurbished tools.  Refreshments available, children’s playground nearby + also the new Community Garden.  We still need more help on day, please email karin@chandler.wales if you are available, even for just an hour.

Plastic Free Monmouth:  Tuesday 30 April, 7.30 at the Robin Hood:  We have our Plastic Free status as defined by the Surfers Against Sewage criteria, but this is where the creative work begins.  Come with your ideas + get involved!

Spring Greens Environmental Fair:  Saturday/Sunday 4/5 May at Court of Noke – stalls, exhibitions, local foods, music + more.  The Round Table will host discussion + debate on the Climate Emergency, the role of Extinction Rebellion + the Youth Strikes.  Go + have a lovely day out, or two! – further information at https://springgreens.org.uk + on Facebook

What do we want to have in the Local Development Plan? – Tuesday 7 May, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood:  Discussion led by Haydn Cullen-Jones.  At the initial call for submissions we submitted six sites emanating from RECS – our flood prevention project.  But there is much more to consider – housing, transport, our high streets, local businesses, jobs etc – all within the context of the Climate Emergency + the Well-Being of Future Generations Act.  Come + have your say, or just come + listen 

Wyesham Community Woodland – Claypatch:  Sunday 12 May, 10 till 12:  Working party + activities for children + hot drinks if you bring a mug – further details on the Wyesham Community Woodland Facebook page

Members’ Business Meeting:  Tuesday 14 May, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood – project updates, plans, our new leaflet + housestyle

Pollinator Gardens Open Day:  Saturday 18 May – further details from Bees for Development

Monmouth Bee Festival:  Sunday 19 May, 10 till 4 in the Nelson Garden – see https://www.monbeefest.cyrene.co.uk/ for further details.  We will have stalls for both Transition Monmouth + Plastic Free Monmouth but need help, please!  Email vivienmitchell@yahoo.co.uk if you can hold the fort for us, even if for only half an hour

Youth Strike:  Friday 24 May:  Assemble at 9 o’clock at St Mary’s Churchyard – more details nearer the time 

Wyesham Community Woodland – Claypatch:  Sunday 26 May, 10 till 12:  Working party to prepare for the Big Lunch on 2 June

And the Local Produce Markets:-
Usk – 1st + 3rd Saturdays – 10 till 1
Abergavenny – 4th Thursday – 9.30 to 2.30

We hope to see you soon!
Vivien Mitchell

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Climate Ready Gwent – the next WORKSHOP

Dear Transitioners

Vision the effects of climate change on Monmouth, + influence the policy makers

Climate Ready Gwent:  Workshop Number 2
Thursday 21 March, 6pm to 9pm at the Shire Hall, Monmouth

At the first workshop last week we had a very lively evening, albeit on the most sobering of subjects, + we identified:-

  • The key risks to Monmouth from the various climate change impacts such as flooding, droughts, rising temperatures + extreme heat events
  • Ways in which the community perceive risk to the townscape, landscape, economy, service + residents
  • The community’s ideas for adaptive action + how we see ourselves contributing + working with relevant agencies

Next week we will take the outputs of this session + share our ideas with agencies – the County Council, Natural Resources Wales, the Fire Service, Gwent Police, Health Board, Gwent Wildlife Trust + others – who will be instrumental in managing the consequences of climate impacts on the town.  We will share information on:-

  • What the risks are
  • What is already being done to plan for climate risk
  • What else needs to be done
  • The role of the community in building resilience

The aim is to develop specific actions + an ongoing process for work on climate adaption.

This second workshop will again be taken by consultants Dr Alan Netherwood + Dafydd Thomas – well, why not? – they did a grand job last week!  They have extensive experience in working on climate risk + adaptation with government, local authorities, agencies + communities.  We are confident they will give us another stimulating evening that will result in a range of key findings + actions for the agencies + for our community that will yield positive outcomes for the coming decades + Future Generations.

Outcomes of the first workshop will be available early next week.  Please email mail@transitionmonmouth.org for a copy + to let us know if you would like to attend on the 21st.

Vivien Mitchell

Onwards + upwards ….

Dear Transitioners

A hectic January was followed by an equally hectic February culminating in a great party celebrating Plastic Free Monmouth achieving plastic free status (as defined by the Surfers Against Sewage criteria).  But, this is where the creative work begins – if you would like to join in or have an idea you would like to take forward, please contact us via the Plastic Free Monmouth Facebook page or email plasticfreemonmouth@gmail.com

We think it would be rather wonderful to have a plastic free shop in town (as well as at Square Farm), have all the fish + chip shops + fast food outlets use only paper packaging, promote Plastic Free with a display on Saturdays in Agincourt Square, do more outreach with the schools etc.  Yes, please come + join us!

Our main effort however is the Climate Emergency.  We are very proud of some of our younger members who attended the School Strike in Cardiff last month.  In the meantime, the oldies are progressing, slowly but thoroughly, working with the County Council to enable them to pass a Climate Emergency Motion while understanding the implications of such a commitment.  This was further discussed at a meeting of the Senior Leadership Team (Chief Executive + Chief Officers) last week – details at the end of this newsletter – + will be followed by a Seminar on 9 April for Councillors, Senior Officers + community groups together with experts on climate change + decarbonisation.  Please let us know if you would like to attend.  Further details will be posted on our various Facebook pages when available.

Much to do!  Here are a load of dates for the coming weeks:-

XR Celebratory Event:  Saturday 9 March:  A gathering of XR Affinity Group in Wales:  Cardiff – see Abergavenny XR Discussions on Facebook for details

Members’ Business Meeting:  Tuesday 12 March, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood – our Incredible Edible Herb Garden, project updates + plans

In Our Hands:  Wednesday 13 March, 7.15 at the Abergavenny Community Centrethe story of farmers who refuse to be victims of history as they bring back the worm to the soil, the ‘culture’ to ‘agriculture’ + flavour to the tomato, followed by discussion

Community Orchard Picnic + Tidy Up:  Noon on Saturday 16 March at the Community Orchard on Two River Meadow (access along the tarmac road that runs from the Old Monnow Bridge along the Monnow) to help prune, tidy, remove tree guards, whatever – children welcome – bring a picnic, wear suitable clothing + footwear, bring gardening gloves + secateurs, pruning saws, + hope for fine weather!

What do we want to have in the Local Development Plan? – Tuesday 19 March, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood:  Discussion led by Haydn Cullen-Jones.  At the initial call for submissions we submitted six sites emanating from RECS – our flood prevention project.  But there is much more to consider – housing, transport, our high streets, local businesses, jobs etc – all within the context of the Climate Emergency + the Well-Being of Future Generations Act.  Come + have your say, or just come + listen

XR Discussion on Climate Change:  Wednesday 20 March:  Particularly aimed at those new to XR but also for anyone with questions + concerns for the future.  Further details will be posted on Abergavenny XR Discussions on Facebook or contact robsproc@hotmail.com

Climate Ready Gwent:  Visioning Monmouth in 2040 – + what we can do to mitigate the problems of climate change:  Thursday 21 March, 6pm to 9pm.  This is a session primarily for the agencies, including Monmouth Town Council.  Numbers limited so please reserve your place with mail@transitionmonmouth.org;  light refreshments will be served

Community Engagement Event:  Wednesday 27 March, 4.30 to 8pm at Monmouth Comprehensive School:  We will have separate displays for Transition Monmouth, Plastic Free Monmouth, Wyesham Community Woodland, + maybe others.  Please let us know if you can help on the stalls – it’s a lot of time to cover – + don’t worry if you feel you don’t know enough.  What is needed is a friendly face to take details of interest to pass on as appropriate

Wyesham Community Woodland – Claypatch:  Sunday 7 April, 10 till 12:  Working party + activities for children + hot drinks if you bring a mug – further details on the Wyesham Community Woodland Facebook page

Climate Emergency Seminar:  Tuesday 9 April, 2pm at County Hall.  Please contact mail@transitionmonmouth.org if you would like to attend

Members’ Business Meeting:  Tuesday 9 April, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood – project updates + plans

XR Week of Big Events:  15 to 21 April:  Further details from robsproc@hotmail.com or check the Abergavenny XR Discussions page on Facebook nearer the time

The Big Swap:  Saturday 27 April, 10 till 12.30 at Rockfield Community Centre, Cornwallis Way, Monmouth – our usual Swap Shop for seeds/plants, but also for swapping clothes, books, toys etc + refreshments

And the Local Produce Markets:-
Usk – 1st + 3rd Saturdays – 10 till 1
Abergavenny – 4th Thursday – 9.30 to 2.30

We hope to see you on Tuesday at the Robin Hood + some of the other events too maybe?

Vivien Mitchell
transitionmonmouth
creative community action…for life after oil

Facebook:  Transition Monmouth, Transition Monmouth Chat, Wyesham Community Woodland, Plastic Free Monmouth

Climate Emergency Motion for Monmouthshire County Council:  Progress Report

Discussions are on-going as Councillors + Officers wish to have a good understanding of the commitment + its implications.  Hazel Clatworthy has sent us these notes of a meeting of the Senior Leadership Team (Chief Executive + Chief Officers) held on Tuesday 26 February:-

  • It was agreed that decarbonisation is absolutely central to what the Council wants and needs to work towards
  • It was agreed that we have control over our own activities, so that it is well within our ability to be able to work towards zero carbon for our own estate
  • The Council has an important role as an exemplar who should be able to lead by example and be an animator for change with communities, businesses and partners
  • However, it is harder to be able to make commitments about carbon emissions across the county as a whole when, notwithstanding we can have some influence, carbon emissions across the county are affected by many factors that are beyond our control.  We don’t have legislative powers to make countywide changes
  • For any motion that may be put to the council, it is really important that the council means what it says and acts to make change happen, rather than to sign up to things and then forget about them
  • It is also really important that before the council agrees to a motion or proposal, that it really understands what the impact of the motion is and what it is agreeing to do
  • Such a step needs to have full buy in, ownership and understanding amongst all councillors

To that end, SLT have agreed that rather than taking a report to a Select Committee, that there will be a Member Seminar open to all Councillors.  Local community groups will be able to speak and talk about the proposed Climate Emergency motion, and councillors will also hear from local and national climate change and decarbonisation experts.  Cllr Jane Pratt who came to our last Community Climate Champions meeting has agreed to this approach.

After the Member Seminar, members will have a better understanding of the issues and what the motion would commit us to, including information on emissions and best practice taken elsewhere.

Resilience to climate change

Dear Transitioners

Vision the effects of climate change on Monmouth, + influence the policy makers

Climate Ready Gwent Workshop

Thursday 7 March, 6pm to 9pm at the Shire Hall, Monmouth

The aim of this project is to use creative techniques to gather our lived experiences of climate change, how they have affected us, + how they might affect us in the years to come.  The purpose is to use our stories + visions to inform policy makers in the Councils, Health Boards, Natural Resources Wales + other agencies so they can effectively make changes to the way they do things in order to maximise our resilience to climate change impacts such as flooding, droughts, rising temperatures + extreme heat events.

We are delighted that we have been asked by Monmouthshire County Council to host this workshop to explore:-

  • Your own experience of climate change over the last decades – changes you have seen in the seasons, nature, the weather
  • Your own experience of how we manage in severe weather – storms, high rainfall, drought, extremes of heat
  • What Monmouth’s climate might look like by 2040
  • What changes need to be made to ensure that our children, grandchildren, the elderly, + everyone else too, can cope

The session – with a break for light refreshments! – will start with a short presentation followed by workshop activities, discussion, + finally planning for the second workshop on 21 March.

Come + have your say – but places are limited so you need to book – email mail@transitionmonmouth.org or text 07931 849486 with your details.

The workshop will be taken by consultants Dr Alan Netherwood + Dafydd Thomas who have extensive experience in working on climate risk + adaptation with government, local authorities, agencies + communities.  You will have a stimulating evening.  It is a rare opportunity to have your say to tell the policymakers what we envisage + what they must do to protect us.

We look forward to seeing 40 of you – first come, first served – so book your place now!

Vivien Mitchell

More action …..

Dear Transitioners

We got through a hectic January OK including the loveliest Wassail complete with a Mari Lwyd (who came all the way from Brecon) out at our Community Orchard in the sunshine + apple cake + hot apple juice.  It was the first Wassail in Monmouth for many a decade, + about 70 happy children + adults attended.  Thank you to all who made it possible.  Now for February + March ……….

We have been working hard in preparation for MCC to pass (hopefully unanimously) a Climate Emergency motion in April – latest text at the end of this newsletter together with some links to further reading.  We want this to govern the new Local Development Plan, the Corporate Plan + all other plans/actions by the County Council, + then spreading out to all town + rural councils, businesses, organisations, community groups + individuals.  We have set up a Climate Emergency Monmouthshire Facebook page + group to keep you informed of progress + for discussion of the issues.

We have our Members’ Meeting next Tuesday (12 February, 7.30 at the Robin Hood) when Steve England from the Art of Sustainability will be talking to us about “Well Being, the Heart of Sustainability:  Experiential methods bringing sustainability alive to explore the potential that the tools + methodologies of sustainability offer in strategy, team building + leadership skills”.  This sounds really interesting – all welcome! – the Art of Sustainability operates from the magical sculpture garden in Tintern.  We will also do a bit more planning for the year ahead.

Then there’s the Plastic Free Monmouth (PFM) party to celebrate our PFM group’s efforts in achieving Plastic Free status, as defined by the Surfers Against Sewage criteria, for our town.  All welcome at Monmouth Priory on Friday 22 February from 6pm to 8pm.  It would be helpful, but not essential, if you could email plasticfreemonmouth@gmail.com if you plan to attend.  We got a good article in the Monmouthshire Beacon this week + a pic of us at the Usk Show.

Now – how about a bit of visioning?  What will Monmouth be like in 2040?  What do we want it to be like?  How can we adapt + what can we do to make it the way we want despite climate change?  We will be hosting a Climate Ready Gwent workshop on Thursday 7 March in the Shire Hall from 6pm to 9pm.  If you want to be one of the lucky 40 people attending – with light refreshments to keep your energy levels up – please book your space with vivienmitchell@yahoo.co.uk.  We also really want to know of your experiences of the changes you have seen over the decades in the seasons, the weather + the natural world.  If you can’t attend the workshop, please email this information to me.  There will be a second session, principally for groups + organisations, on 21 March.

Here’s the diary for the next few weeks:-

Wassail at Old Lands:  Saturday 9 February – PM #wassail or #keepingtraditionsalive for further details + to make sure there is enough soup + mulled apple juice

Meditation Retreat with Lama Chodrak:  Sunday 10 February, 10 till 4.30 at the Lam Rim Buddhist Centre – to reserve your place phone 01600 780383 or email courses.wales@lamrim.org.uk

Nature Isn’t Neat:  Monday 11 February, 12 o’clock at the Shire Hall – our pollinator project in partnership with Monmouth Town Council + Bees for Development – all welcome to help develop the campaign

Members’ Meeting:  Tuesday 12 February, 7.30 at the Robin Hood – “Well Being, the Heart of Sustainability” + planning for more events

All Things Community:  Eden Communities Get-Together in Powys:  Friday 22 February, 11 to 4 in Crickhowell – register with Eventbrite

Plastic Free Monmouth – Celebratory Party:  Friday 22 February, 6pm to 8pm at Monmouth Priory – all welcome, but, if you can, email plasticfreemonmouth@gmail.com to say you are coming

Climate Ready Gwent:  Visioning Monmouth in 2040 – + what we can do to mitigate the problems of climate change:  Thursday 7 March, 6pm to 9pm.  Numbers limited so please reserve your place with vivienmitchell@yahoo.co.uk;  light refreshments will be served

Members’ Meeting:  Tuesday 12 March, 7.30 to 9pm at the Robin Hood – our Incredible Edible Herb Garden, project updates + plans

In Our Hands – the story of farmers who refuse to be victims of history as they bring back the worm to the soil, the ‘culture’ to ‘agriculture’ + flavour to the tomato:  Wednesday 13 March, 7.15 at the Abergavenny Community Centre followed by discussion

Climate Ready Gwent:  Visioning Monmouth in 2040 – + what we can do to mitigate the problems of climate change:  Thursday 21 March, 6pm to 9pm.  This is a session for primarily for the agencies, including Monmouth Town Council.  Numbers limited so please reserve your place with vivienmitchell@yahoo.co.uk;  light refreshments will be served

And the Local Produce Markets:-
Usk – 1st + 3rd Saturdays – 10 till 1
Abergavenny – 4th Thursday – 9.30 to 2.30

We hope to see you on Tuesday at the Robin Hood + some of the other events too maybe?

Vivien Mitchell
transitionmonmouth
creative community action…for life after oil

MOTION to the Full Council of Monmouthshire County Council:  TO DECLARE A CLIMATE EMERGENCY

The declaration:

Full Council declares a climate emergency:  We recognise that preventing catastrophic global warming must be humanity’s number one priority

In making this declaration, Full Council notes:

  1. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C published in October 2018, confirmed that:
    1. Human-induced warming reached approximately 1°C above pre-industrial levels in 2017, increasing at 0.2°C per decade. Human-induced global warming has already caused multiple observed changes in the climate system
    2. A 1.5°C rise will result in multiple negative impacts, including increases in frequency, intensity and/or amount of heavy precipitation in several regions, and the majority (70%-90%) of warm water (tropical) coral reefs that exist today will disappear
    3. A 2°C rise will result in much more severe harm, including increased frequency of severe weather events, droughts, floods, higher sea level rises, crop failures and destruction of land and marine eco-systems.  Risks of water scarcity are projected to be greater at 2°C than at 1.5°C of global warming in some regions
    4. With current strategies, the world is on track to overshoot the 1.5°C limit of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement before 2050 and exceed 3oC by 2100
    5. It informed us that limiting global warming to 1.5oC may still be possible with ambitious action from national and sub-national authorities, civil society, the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities
  2. Bold climate action can deliver economic benefits in terms of new jobs, economic savings and market opportunities (as well as meeting the Well Being of Future Generations Act)
  3. Monmouthshire County Council is well placed to champion rural decarbonisation.  It has already announced that its pension funds will be divesting from fossil fuels.  It has some of the best electric charging infrastructure in Wales and has the potential to become 100% self-reliant on zero-carbon energy, and also the potential for the development of hydrogen production and technologies
  4. Councils across the UK and the world are responding by declaring a ‘Climate Emergency’ and committing resources to address this emergency now

To put this declaration into action, Full Council calls on Council to:

  1. Declare a Climate Emergency
  2. Aim to make the county of Monmouthshire zero carbon by 2030 taking into account emissions from both production and consumption
  3. Accelerate steps towards reducing the carbon emissions of MCC’s own operations (including offices, schools, leisure facilities, transport and environmental services) to net zero before the Welsh Government’s target date of 2030
  4. Develop a strategy and costed action plans within six months of adopting this motion that aim to deliver these targets
  5. Revise the Corporate Plan, Well-Being Plan, Local Development Plan and other relevant plans and policies in support of the above
  6. Call on the Welsh Government and the UK Government to provide the necessary powers, resources and technical support to successfully meet the 2030 target
  7. Publicise this declaration of a climate emergency to residents and businesses in the county and encourage, support and enable them to take their own actions to reduce their carbon emissions in line with this our ambition
  8. Work with partners across the county and with other councils and organisations in Wales, to help develop and implement best practice methods in limiting global warming to less than 5ºC

References:

  1. World Resources Institute:  https://www.wri.org/…/8-things-you-need-know-about-ipcc-15-…
  2. The IPCC’s Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC:  https://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/
  3. Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries 2017:  http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/overview.php…
  4. Scope 1, 2 and 3 of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol explained:  https://www.carbontrust.com/…/scope-3-indirect-carbon-emiss…
  5. Bristol https://www.theguardian.com/…/bristol-plans-to-become-carbo…?

Manchester https://secure.manchester.gov.uk/…/ambitious_climate_change…?

London https://www.london.gov.uk/press-releases/assembly/call-on-mayor-to-declare-climate-emergency

Stroud https://www.stroudnewsandjournal.co.uk/news/17243256.climate-emergency-declared-how-councillors-plan-to-tackle-it/

https://climateemergency.uk/ – link to other Authorities declaring climate emergencies

Machynlleth  https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-46961053

Additional reading:

An article from the journal Nature which suggests why the IPCC report is too conservative.  It suggests we may be on course to breach 1.5ºC by 2030 not 2040.  So we really do need to make sure this motion takes this into account – https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07586-5?sf203760975=1&fbclid=IwAR35Dfm0P8eHa2eYTA-2gwud_VDXFL9lrYN4yknfDfouBbyIz0l0t-VPQro

2019 is expected to have one of the biggest rises in CO2 due to less plant growth due to drier weather conditions, another feedback loop – https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-46989789

Oceans are warming faster than the IPCC reports recognise – https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2019/01/11/oceans-are-warming-faster-than-we-thought-scientists-suggest-we-brace-impact/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.948d933567ae

Marine energy investment disincentivised – https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-47042871?intlink_from_url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/topics/c52ew8q50z2t/wales-business&link_location=live-reporting-story